On-chip LiDAR development is vital for mass production and cost reduction

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Dublin, Oct. 07, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — The “Overseas LiDAR Industry Research Report, 2022” report has been added to from ResearchAndMarkets.com offer.

LiDAR research: perception algorithms become the focus of foreign suppliers

Among a variety of parallel technology paths, rotating mirror and flash solutions are most widely adopted during OEM mass production.

Pathways of LiDAR technology include mechanics, MEMS, rotating mirror/prism, OPA, flash, etc. Overall, LiDAR is evolving from mechanical to solid-state type, with multiple technology paths existing in parallel (for example, Velodyne has developed mechanical paths and solid-state solutions simultaneously since the launch of Velarray at the show). of the Frankfurt Motor Show 2017). Flash is the most popular solution in foreign vendor layouts, followed by FMCW and MEMS.

According to OEM mass production, rotating mirror and flash solutions are the most widely adopted. Valeo is a typical vendor leveraging the rotating mirror solution and produces LiDAR at the Wemding facility in Bavaria, Germany. By 2021, its Scala LiDAR shipments had exceeded 160,000 units, with a single unit costing less than $1,000. Ibeo is known for its LiDAR flash.

The ibeoNEXT LiDAR system produced by ZF has a detection range of more than 250 meters, a horizontal angular resolution of 0.04 and a vertical angular resolution of 0.07. It can recognize guardrails, traffic signs, cars, bicycles and pedestrians, as well as their respective positions and directions of movement. It was installed on Great Wall WEY Moka.

The perception quality algorithm determines the accuracy and distance of perception. Therefore, LiDAR vendors not only upgrade their own hardware, but also develop perception software, so as to form the closed loop of merging perception and supply at the system level. Foreign LiDAR vendors mainly leverage self-research, acquisition, and cooperation with software vendors to deploy perception algorithms.

LeddarTech primarily achieves its development through acquisitions. LeddarTech acquired sensor fusion and perception software companies VayaVision and Phantom Intelligence in 2020. LeddarTech’s open platform based on its full waveform digital signal processing technology combined with the software stack of VayaVision’s raw data sensor fusion and perception will provide the most accurate environmental model, enabling volume deployment of ADAS and AD applications. In September 2020, the acquisition of Phantom Intelligence gave LeddarTech access to specific LiDAR designs, software, and related customer and partner projects.

Innoviz mainly develops its own perception algorithm. In April 2021, Innoviz launched the “Innoviz APP” in-vehicle car perception platform. Innoviz APP can accurately detect and classify objects in any 3D driving scenario up to 250 meters away, including cars, trucks, motorcycles, pedestrians, etc.

It also runs real-time perception algorithms, detecting and classifying pixels as collision-relevant or collision-irrelevant. At the same time, it can also be integrated on chips as embedded software IP. Innoviz’s software leverages big data from LiDAR and proprietary AI algorithms to provide excellent scenario awareness and an automatically scalable ASIL B(D) solution.

Luminar makes its layout through cooperation, investment and independent R&D. In March 2021, Luminar cooperated with Volvo’s self-driving software subsidiary, Zenseact, to create a “holistic self-driving vehicle stack” designed for production vehicles. The stack is called Sentinel, which will integrate Zenseact’s OnePilot autonomous driving software solution alongside Luminar’s Iris LiDAR, perception software and other components as its foundation.

The system is designed to manage freeway range and a number of safety measures to proactively avoid collisions with evasive maneuvers, reducing the accident rate by up to seven times. Luminar completed development of the alpha version of Sentinel in 2021 and plans to complete the beta version in 2022. In addition, Luminar will supply SAIC production vehicles with complete LiDAR hardware and Sentinel components from Luminar.

On-chip LiDAR development is vital for mass production and cost reduction

Inside the LiDAR, there are hundreds of discrete devices with high material and optical assembly costs, which is a major barrier to mass production. Chip LiDAR can integrate hundreds of discrete devices into a single chip, effectively reducing product size and cost while facilitating mass production.

For example, all of Ouster’s digital LiDAR sensors share the same basic architecture. The architecture consists of two chips and a patented micro-optical system, replacing hundreds of discrete components inside the traditional analog LiDAR, improving reliability and reducing the price (the ES2 debuts with a price projected $600 for mass production – and Ouster’s digital LiDAR technology provides a clear roadmap for future models to break the $100 mark).

As shown above, in Ouster’s LiDAR core architecture, a Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser (“VCSEL”) array integrates all lasers on a single chip. The custom SoC incorporates single-photon avalanche diode (“SPAD”) detectors and a proprietary digital signal processing system to handle all LiDAR commands and control logic. The patented micro-optical system guides light through the LiDAR to improve detector efficiency exponentially.

Aeva is also working on a bullet-based layout. In February 2022, Aeva unveiled AeriesT II, ​​a 4D LiDART sensor leveraging Aeva’s unique Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) technology and the world’s first on-chip LiDAR module design that places all key components including transmitters, receivers and optics on silicon photonics. chip in a compact module. The compact design is 75% smaller than the previous generation. Mass production is scheduled for 2023.

Main topics covered:

1 LiDAR market and trends
1.1 LiDAR Industry Chain
1.2 Technology Trends of Foreign Suppliers
1.2.1 Basic LiDAR technology
1.2.2 Overseas Suppliers Technical Solution Overview
1.2.3 Progress of Foreign Suppliers in Rotating Mirror Technology
1.2.4 Progress of Foreign Suppliers in MEMS Technology
1.2.5 Progress of Foreign Suppliers in Flash Technology
1.2.6 Progress of Foreign Suppliers in FMCW Technology
1.3 Companies and products
1.3.1 Market
1.3.2 Funding
1.3.3 Installation of LiDAR products from foreign suppliers
1.3.4 Overseas Mechanical LiDAR Products Comparison
1.3.5 Foreign Suppliers Semi-Solid LiDAR Products Comparison
1.3.6 Foreign Suppliers Solid State LiDAR Products Comparison
1.3.7 Overseas FMCW LiDAR Products Comparison
1.4 Development trends

2. Overseas foreign enterprises related to Automotive LiDAR industry chain
2.1 Lumentum
2.2 Sony
2.3 ADM Osram
2.3.1 Profile
2.3.2 Basic infrared technology: EEL and VSCEL
2.3.3 Main VCSELs and EELs
2.3.4 PowerBoost Multi-junction VCSEL
2.3.5 Dynamics of cooperation

3 Foreign Automotive LiDAR Suppliers
3.1 Overseas LiDAR Vendor Summary and Analysis
3.2 Velodyne
3.3 Luminaire
3.4 Innoviz
3.5 Aeva
3.6 Eviction
3.7 Ibeo
3.8 Valeo
3.9 Leddar Tech
3.10 Eye
3.11 Quanergy
3.11 QORTEX 3D perception software
3.12 Ceceptons
3.13 Blickfeld
3.14 Insight LiDAR
3.15 Photonic Sense
3.16 Waymo
3.17 Mobileye
3.18 Aurora
3.19 Bosch
3.20 Continental
3.21 Aptiva
3.22 Veoneer
3.23 Xenomatix
3.24 Opsys
3.25 Info-works
3.26 Baraja
3.27 SiLC Technologies
3.28 Others
3.28.1 Cruising
3.28.2 ZF

4 overseas models equipped with LiDAR
4.1 Honda Legend EX
4.2 BMW 7 Series
4.3 Mercedes-Benz EQS
4.4 Toyota Mirai
4.5 Volkswagen ID.BUZZ

For more information on this report, visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/77a7tt

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